Speakers in a workshop on ` Sustainable Management of Insect pests of fruits with special reference to citrus through modern protection and post harvest losses reduction techniques` said that Pakistan is producing more than 40 types of fruits and vegetables which have none to compare in the world with respect to taste and quality. But unfortunately we have also credit of using pesticides non-judicious.
It has been estimated that at least 3.0 million cases of pesticides poisoning occur world-wide each year, with 220,000 deaths. The majority of these poisonings occur in developing countries where less protection against exposure is applied, knowledge of health risks and safe use is limited harmful pesticides are easily accessible the workshop was organised by Department of Agri. Entomology University of agriculture, Faisalabad.
Chief Guest of the Ceremony, Dr Faqir Muhammad Anjum, D.G. NIFSAT said that in WTO Scenario we have to reduce the use of pesticides on our edible produce in order to protect the health of the consumers as well as for better exports. He added that agreements on the application of sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures and technical barriers to trade are heralding a new era of quality and safety management in food production, handling, management and trade operations.
Dean Faculty of Agriculture, Professor Dr Muhammad Ashfaq and the co-ordinator of workshop in his keynote address said that IPM is now a global philosophy and is the most fascinating exploratory approach, which has over the years stimulated in depth study of the intricacies of insect-plants relationship and has opened a totally un-explode realm of chemical evolution with a new perspective for human intellectualism.
He maintained that a vast natural diversity in the soil and climate of Pakistan is suitable for the cultivation of diverse fruits & vegetable. He added that promotion of cultivation of fruits especially the Citrus will not only help greatly to enhance the availability for local consumption but would also generate sizeable, exportable surplus.
Professor Dr Mark.S. Hoddle, University of California Riverside, USA in his presentation highlighted the modern practices of Bio-Control of pests in accordance with augmentative bio control blended with innovative approaches of genetic engineering keeping in view the organic farming practices particularly in Citrus. He maintained that Florida and Brazil are producing 85 percent of total Citrus juice volume of the Globe.
Dr Hoddle added that more than 140 countries of the world are growing Citrus but 10 percent of total produce is being exported so far. He said that Brazil has been playing leading role in the World by exporting 99 percent of Citrus juice to the International Market. Dr Mark presented the gradual IPM advancement in USA. He told that in California Citrus industries started growing during 1845-1890 later on American Scientists introduced Controlled Atmosphere (CA) as well as Bio-Control Mechanism to the farming community.
Professor Dr Anjum Sohail, Chairman Department of Agri. Entomology finally thanked the guests and participants of International Workshop and hoped that out-come of this workshop would enable us to devise a solid and practicable mechanism for biological control of pests. Dr Muhammad Jalal Arif, Principal Officer Public Relations & Publications conducted the Workshop. A large number of Deans, Directors, Students and Farmers as well as Faculty members attended the inaugural session.
Source: Buisness Recorder